Mindfulness based approaches can help people with a number of different problems and circumstances and significantly reduce depression and anxiety, improve managing intense or distressing emotions, aid with attention and focus and improve wellbeing. Clients become aware of their habitual patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving, and once learned, develop the ability to respond rather than react in times of distress.
Mindfulness approaches include Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT).
Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is designed to help people who suffer repeated bouts of depression and chronic unhappiness. MBCT combines cognitive therapy (focuses on modifying beliefs and identifying distorted or unhelpful thinking) with mindfulness meditative practices. The heart of the work lies in helping you become aware of negative thoughts and feelings of mood, separate from them and develop insight to respond positively to them.
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) is for people who have difficulty controlling their emotions. It focuses on helping people change unhelpful ways of thinking and behaving, with an emphasis on helping you:
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) teaches you to accept painful thoughts and feelings and develop skills for focussing on your personal values and what’s important to you. The therapy helps you to identify and use these values to commit to changing your behaviour and improving your life in the long term. This approach is very effective in treating anxiety.
Psychodynamic Therapy focuses on unconscious thoughts and feelings that contribute to a person’s present distress. It helps you recognise these thoughts or feelings and make connections with events from childhood or early relationships that may be contributing to how you behave and relate to others. As you become aware of their influence on your present behaviour, you can be taught to understand thoughts and feelings in different ways and overcome issues that were not dealt with at an earlier stage of emotional development.